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SWPBIS is a comprehensive and preventative approach to improving school climate. It provides a framework for creating predictable, positive environments for all students to achieve academically, behaviorally, and social/emotionally.


Labor/Community Travel Center: Black, Brown, and Over-Policed in L.A. Schools: Structural Proposals to End the School-to-Prison Pipeline in the Los Angeles Unified School District and to Build a National Movement to Stop the Mass Incarceration of Black and Latino Communities  (2013

The Advancement Project Restorative Justice Now: A Community Review of Alexandria City Public Schools’ Implementation of Restorative Justice  (2016)

PJU: Denver Community Accountability Report Card (2016)

American Institutes for Research and Public Counsel: California School Safety Toolkit (January 2017)

The Advancement Project: How We Are Dismantling the School-To-Prison-Pipeline in Denver (September 15, 2014)

Education and Treatment of Children: Evaluation of a Comprehensive Behavior Management Program To Improve School-Wide Positive Behavior Support (2001)

Education and Treatment of Children: Translating Research into Effective Practice: The Effects of a Universal Staff and Student Intervention on Indicators of Discipline and School Safety (2001)

Educational Psychology: Whole-School Positive Behaviour Support: Effects on student discipline problems and academic performance (2005)

Effectiveness of Schoolwide Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports in Reducing Racially Inequitable Disciplinary Exclusion

Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions: A Randomized, Wait-List Controlled Effectiveness Trial Assessing School-Wide Positive Behavior Support in Elementary Schools (2009)

Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions: Examining the Effects of Schoolwide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports on Student Outcomes– Results From a Randomized Controlled Effectiveness Trial in Elementary Schools (2010)

Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions: Using Staff and Student Time Engaged in Disciplinary Procedures to Evaluate the Impact of School-Wide PBS (2004)

National Dropout Prevention Center for Students with Disabilities: A Literature Map of Dropout Prevention Interventions for Students With Disabilities (April 2014)

Model Policies


Zero Tolerance to Zero Suspensions: School-Wide Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports and Believing in What Seems Impossible

The California School Safety Toolkit