Funding Sources for Implementing Alternatives to Suspension and Expulsion
So, how do I pay for these alternatives? We recommend that you read through the highlights of all of the other school leaders who are implementing in this Toolkit to hear directly from them how they are funding alternatives and so you can save money, because many of the tools they have used are included here for FREE for your school districts use. Most of the school leaders highlighted are also willing to provide you with technical assistance and advice!
To also highlight the various sources and which schools and districts are using them, we have created a list of funding sources, which is by no means exhaustive of all of the sources out there. Check back periodically at FixSchoolDiscipline.org where we will continue to post new sources:
FEDERAL FUNDING SOURCES
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is the primary federal program that authorizes state and local aid for special education and related services for children with disabilities. The California Department of Education distributes federal IDEA funds to local educational agencies (LEAs). A portion of the total federal allocation may be reserved for discretionary purposes. Additionally, up to 15% of IDEA special education funds may also be used to support early intervening services for low achieving and at-risk students, such providing training and development of PBIS and response to intervention (RTI).
For an example of a school using IDEA funding to institute PBIS, see the interview with Principal Kerry Callahan.
For more information, visit http://www.cde.ca.gov/ar/sd/
Title I, Part A
Title I, Part A federal funds help to meet the educational needs of low-achieving students in California’s highest-poverty schools by supporting effective, research-based educational strategies that close the achievement gap between high-and low-performing students. Alternatives to suspension and expulsions such as PBIS and RJ are such proven and research-based strategies that can close the achievement gap.
For more information, visit http://www2.ed.gov/programs/titleiparta/index.html
Safe Schools/Healthy Students Initiative
The SS/HS Initiative is a federal grant-making program designed to prevent violence and substance abuse among youth, in schools, and in communities. The SS/HS Initiative is a collaborative grant program supported by three Federal agencies – the U.S. DOE, the Department of Health and Human Services and the Department of Justice. This initiative seeks to develop real-world knowledge about practices that work best to promote safe and healthy environments in which America’s children can learn and develop. Implementation of alternative approaches to school discipline, such as PBIS, RJ and SEL, which are proven reduce violent behavior, enhance school climate, and strengthen healthy child development, can be funded. Schools can apply directly to their LEAs to receive SS/HS funds.
For an example of a school using SS/HS funds, see the interview with Kerry Callahan, Principal of Pioneer High School.
For more information, visit http://www2.ed.gov/programs/dvpsafeschools/index.html
School Improvement Grants (SIG)
Authorized under section 1003(g) of Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (Title I), SIG funds help LEAs address the needs of schools in improvement, corrective action, and restructuring to improve student achievement. SIG funds are to be used to leverage change and improve technical assistance through LEAs targeting activities towards measurable outcomes. Expected results from the use of these funds include improving student proficiency, increasing the numbers of schools that make adequate yearly progress, using data to inform decisions, and creating a system of continuous feedback and improvement. Schools that receive SIG funds can use them to implement alternatives to discipline because such alternatives are directly correlated to improved student achievement, attendance and success. When grant funding is available, the CDE will conduct a grant process that begins with the release of a Request for Applications.
California Services for Technical Assistance and Training (CalSTAT)
CalSTAT, through the State Personnel Development Grant (SPDG), a federally funded grant, supports trainings and technical assistance requests that align with one of CalSTAT’s core message areas. Training funds are available on a first come, first serve basis. To apply for funds, school leaders should email Marin Brown (Marin.Brown@calstat.org) and give a description of the training(s), the date and duration of the training(s), the core message area involved, such as PBIS for alternatives to discipline, and the number of people anticipated to attend. If funds are available and the training is approved, CalSTAT may fund the school $600-$1800 per day.
For more information, visit http://www.calstat.org/bestpbs.html
Race to the Top Grants
The US DOE Race to the Top District (RTTT-D) Competition provides $400 million in grant funding for LEAs to develop personalized learning opportunities for students to close the achievement gap. Although the application cycle closed on October 30, 2012, schools that applied for and received these grants can use them to improve school climate by implementing an alternative discipline practice. US DOE explicitly acknowledged that PBIS is important to consider when ensuring that students have a safe and productive environment in which to learn.
For more information, visit http://www2.ed.gov/programs/racetothetop-district/index.html
Elementary and Secondary Counseling Program Grant
This program provides funding to LEAs to establish or expand elementary and secondary school counseling programs, with special consideration given to applicants that can demonstrate the greatest need for counseling services in the schools to be served; propose the most innovative and promising approaches; and show the greatest potential for replication and dissemination. Projects should: (1) use a developmental, preventive approach, (2) expand the inventory of effective counseling programs, (3) include in-service training, and (4) involve parents and community groups. The preventative aspects of SWPBIS, RJ and SEL approaches qualify for funding under the Elementary and Secondary Counseling Program Grant.
For an example of an LEA awarded an Elementary and Secondary Counseling Program Grant, see the Highlight on Vallejo City Unified School District.
For more information, visit http://www2.ed.gov/programs/elseccounseling/index.html
STATE FUNDING SOURCES
Economic Impact Aid
The Economic Impact Aid (EIA) program is a state categorical program for K-12 to support additional programs and services for English learners, limited English proficient (LEP) and State Compensatory Education (SCE) services for educationally disadvantaged students as determined by a school’s LEA. Although the deadline has passed, awarded recipients and future grantees may use EIA funds to support programs and activities designed to improve the academic achievement of educationally and economically disadvantaged pupils; PBIS, RJ and SEL incorporate such programs and activities. Allowable expenditure of EIA funds can include the purchase of supplemental materials and expenses that support paraprofessionals, supplemental resource teachers, and the operation of EL advisory committees.
For an example of a school using EIA funds, see the online version of the interview with Kerry Callahan, Principal of Pioneer High School.
For more information: http://www.cde.ca.gov/fg/aa/ca/eia.asp
School Safety and Violence Prevention Act, California Schools Block Safety Grant
The School Safety and Violence Prevention Act provides now-unrestricted grant funds encompassed in the School Safety Block Grant. It establishes a program providing grants to school districts serving pupils in grades 8 through 12 for the purpose of promoting school safety and reducing school site violence. The funds can be used to hire personnel such as school counselors, social workers, or nurses who are trained in conflict resolution; establish in-service staff training for school staff to identify at-risk pupils; provide instructional curricula and materials to equip pupils with skills necessary to prevent school violence; and, any other purpose that would materially contribute to the goals of safe schools and preventing violence. Alternative strategies, like PBIS, RJ and SEL, have been directly correlated to preventing violence in the school setting.
For more information, visit http://www.cde.ca.gov/fg/aa/ca/schoolcommunity.asp, http://www.cde.ca.gov/fg/aa/ca/combcat12ltr2.asp
Mental Health Services Act, Proposition 63
Proposition 63 funds have been distributed through the California Department of Mental Health to county mental health agencies. County Offices of Education contract with county mental health agencies to access these Proposition 63 funds to provide PBIS in schools. An LEA may develop a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) or contract with its county mental health agency to access this funding to address the provision of mental health services in pupils’ IEPs.
Currently, Placer County Office of Education, which provided PBIS training and coaching support to Leataata Floyd Elementary, Pioneer High and Gibson Elementary Schools and can provide training to any schools and districts in the Northern region of California, uses Proposition 63 funds to provide free training to any school that wants to implement SWPBIS. For information on other COEs that provide training through the use of Proposition 63 and other funding sources, see the Appendix.
For more information: http://www.dmh.ca.gov/Prop_63/MHSA/Funding.asp
PRIVATE FUNDING SOURCES
The California Endowment makes grants to organizations and institutions that directly benefit the health and well-being of Californians. Support is provided to 501(c)(3) organizations and that are classified as a public. The Innovative Ideas Challenge (IIC) is a highly competitive grant-making program available under the Building Healthy Communities initiative. Specifically, the IIC program seeks to identify and fund promising innovations that address the 4 Big Results or 10 Outcomes from the Building Healthy Communities strategy with a primary goal of prevention or early intervention. For more information, visit http://www.calendow.org/grants/
The California Endowment also created a $1 million fund to support school districts, especially those with high suspension rates, to transform their approaches to school discipline through strategies, such as SWPBIS, RJ and SEL, that have been proven to prevent misconduct, keep students in school and improve school safety.
Districts interested in seeking funding for training and other support are invited to contact SchoolDiscipline@CalEndow.org.
Open Society Foundations – Campaign for Black Male Achievement
Campaign for Black Male Achievement (CBMA) provides funding for a wide range of policy advocacy. CBMA funds national, state, and local organizations focused on outcomes in various U.S. regions. CBMA will consider letters of inquiry from organizations or projects if the proposed activities have clear and demonstrable potential for national impact and/or replication in localities or regions other than the currently funded areas.
For more information, visit http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/grants/campaign-black-male-achievement
Kaiser Permanente (Kaiser) provides grants for organizations that do regional and nationwide health-related work. In California, Kaiser provides grants to organizations doing work in regions of Northern and Southern California. To begin the grant application process, interested organizations should first send a letter of inquiry. Upon invitation, organizations can apply for Kaiser grants. Kaiser is particularly interested in having applicants discuss how their work includes the social determinants of health and addresses the elimination of health disparities and inequities.For more information about grants to Northern California, visit http://info.kaiserpermanente.org/communitybenefit/html/grantmaking/northern-california/index.html.
For more information about grants to Southern California, visit http://info.kaiserpermanente.org/communitybenefit/assets/pdf/grantmaking/southern-california/CB_LOI_info-guidelines_rv101410.pdf.
For an example of an organization using Kaiser Permanente grants to fund Restorative Practices in West Contra Costa schools, see the Highlight on Catholic Charities of the East Bay and Millie Burns.
Liberty Hill Foundation
Liberty Hill awards three types of grants. These organizations are at the frontlines of building economic, environmental and LGBT justice in Los Angeles. “Fund for Change” is Liberty Hill’s primary competitive grantmaking program. The “Fund for Change” seeks to change institutional policies and practices in Los Angeles to advance economic justice, environmental justice and LGBTQ justice. Interested organizations should register with Liberty Hill to stay informed about the grant making process.
For more information, application guidelines and deadlines, visit http://www.libertyhill.org/programs/grantmaking
Sierra Health Foundation
Through its Responsive Grants Program, Sierra Health Foundation awards grants up to $25,000 to support projects and programs that improve the health and quality of life for people throughout its 26-county funding region. Nonprofit organizations and public agencies are encouraged to tell Sierra Health Foundation how they can improve health and well-being in their communities, and how a grant from Sierra Health Foundation can help support their work. To learn more about the Responsive Grants Program, organizations should send all questions to firstname.lastname@example.org with “RGP Question” in the subject line.
For more information, visit http://www.sierrahealth.org/doc.aspx?129
For an example of an LEA awarded a Sierra Health Foundation grant through the Positive Youth Justice Initiative, see the Highlight on Vallejo City Unified School District.